Grains are the seeds from crops such as wheat,rice or barley that are used for food.
Wheat is a corp used worldwide to make flour for pasta and bread, but many people are wheat-intolerant so there are alternatives like spelt.
Spelt is an ancient type of wheat, but it is a lot more digestible and like most grains it is readily available in shops and supermarkets.
Oats are common grains we often eat for breakfst because they have slow energy release.
They are used in breakfast cereals,breads or as healthy dessert and you can make semolina from boiled oats,too.
Buckwheat is a type of grain used extensively not only eastern europen cooking, but also in italy, where it is sometimes used to make gnocchi. Buchwheat pasta is the main ingredient of the famous "pizzoccheri", a northern italian dish traditionally made with potatoes, cabbage and cheese.
Another grain frequently used in italian cuisine is maize, originating in south america but used internationally. Different varieties of maize produce cornmeaL, which is the main ingredient of polenta, cornflour, sweetcorn and the popcorn you eat at the cinema.
Mild-tasting millet makes a handly alternative to rice. It is delicious in indian rice dishes, soups and salads, but benefits from being lightly toasted before boiling. Millet flour is sometimes also made into pasta.
Barley is a pale brown grainused all over the world in breads, breakfast cereals, puddings, porridges, stews and soups. Braley is also used in and fros sweetening drinks such as barley water, beer and other alcoholic bevareges.
Finally, dating back to the ancient incas, is a grain called quinoa. It looks a bit like millet but it is pale brown in colour. It has a mild taste and a firm and chewy texture and it is considered the new superfood because it is full of protein and can be used any dish instead of rice, wich is more expensive and has less protein.
I cereali sono i semi di colture come frumento, riso o orzo che vengono utilizzati per gli alimenti.